2015 CDC Immunization Schedule


The Centers for Disease Control (CDC), in cooperation with the American Academy of Family Physicians and the American Academy of Pediatrics, releases immunization schedules each year. The schedules include recommendations for routine vaccinations for children from birth through 6 years old, children from 7 to 18 years old, and adults, as well as adults with medical and other indications (like pregnancy or chronic illness). For people traveling outside of the United States, additional vaccinations may be recommended by the CDC for diseases like yellow fever and typhoid. All data below come from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Jan. 26, 2015 resource, "Immunization Schedules," available at www.cdc.gov.



baby vaccination
Source: Matt Sanctis, "More Parents Opting Out
of Vaccines for Children,"
www.springfieldnewssun.com, Dec. 2, 2011

I. CDC Recommended Immunization Schedule for Children from Birth through 6 Years Old


Green indicates the vaccine is recommended by the CDC.

Vaccine birth 1
month
2
months
4
months
6
months
12
months
15
months
18
months
19-23
months
2-3
years
4-6
years
(click vaccine for more information)
HepB                                          
                                           
RV                                          
                                           
Dtap                                          
                                           
Hib                                          
                                           
PCV                                          
                                           
IPV                                          
                                           
Influenza                 yearly                        
                                           
MMR                                          
                                           
Varicella                                          
                                           
HepA                                          


II. CDC Recommended Immunization Schedule for Children from 7 to 18 Years Old


teen vaccination
Source: Jeannine Stein, "HPV Vaccine Benefits Those Who Do and
Don't Get the Shots," www.takepart.com, July 9, 2012


Green indicates the vaccine is recommended by the CDC.
Blue indicates a catch-up period if a child has missed a vaccine.
Pink indicates a vaccine may be needed for at-risk children. The CDC describes at-risk children as those "with certain health condidtions that put them at high risk for serious diseases."

Vaccine 7-10
years
11-12
years
13-18
years
(click vaccine for more information)
Tdap                
                 
HPV       3 doses        
                 
MCV4               booster at 16
                 
Influenza   yearly            
                 
PCV13                
                 
HepA                
                 
HepB                
                 
IPV                
                 
MMR                
                 
Varicella                



III. CDC Recommended Immunization Schedule for Adults


adult vaccination
Source: Laura Shin, "A Flu Vaccine that Protects You for Life?,"
www.smartplanet.com, Nov. 25, 2012


Green indicates the vaccine is recommended by the CDC.
Pink indicates the vaccine is recommended for at-risk adults. According to the CDC, at-risk adults are those with "certain risks related to their health, job, or lifestyle that put them at higher risk for serious diseases. Talk to your doctor or nurse to see if you are at higher risk."

Vaccine 19-21
years
22-26
years
27-49
years
50-59
years
60-64
years
65+
years
(click vaccine for more information)
Influenza   yearly                  
                         
Td/Tdap     Tdap once; Td booster every 10 years afterward    
                         
Varicella     2 doses                  
                         
HPV (women)     3 doses                  
                         
HPV (men) 3 doses   3 doses                  
                         
Zoster                   1 dose    
                         
MMR 1 -2 doses              
                         
PCV 13   1 dose              
PPSV23   1 dose   1 dose
                         
MCV   1 or more doses          
                         
HepA   2 doses              
                         
HepB   2 doses              
 
Hib 1 or 3 doses


IV. Recommended Immunization Schedule for Adults with Medical and Other Indications


pregnant vaccination
Source: Skeptical Raptor, "CDC
Recommends Pertussis Vaccination for
All Pregnant Women,"
www.skepticalraptor.com, Oct. 26, 2012


Green indicates the vaccine is recommended by the CDC for people in the category who meet the age requirements of the vaccine and lack documentation of vaccination or have no evidence of previous infection.
Pink indicates the vaccine is recommended if there is another risk factor present.
Yellow indicates contraindication, meaning the CDC advises against people in the category having the vaccination.

Pregnancy   Immuno-compromising Conditions (Except HIV)   HIV Infection CD4+ T Lymphocyte count <200 cells/ul   HIV Infection CD4+ T Lymphocyte count >_200 cells/ul   Men who Have Sex with Men   Heart Disease, Chronic Lung Disease, Chronic Alcoholism   Asplenia
  Chronic Liver Disease   Kidney Failure, End-stage Renal Disease, Receipt of hemodialysis   Diabetes   Healthcare Personnel
                                           
Influenza yearly                                    
                                           
Td/Tdap 1 dose Tdap per
pregnancy
  Tdap once; Td booster every 10 years afterward                
                                           
Varicella Contraindicated       2 doses                            
                                           
HPV (women)     3 doses to 26 years           3 doses to 26 years            
                                           
HPV
(men)
    3 doses to 26 years           3 doses to 26 years            
                                           
Zoster Contraindicated               1 dose                    
                                           
MMR Contraindicated       1 or 2 doses                        
                                           
PPSV23                     1 or 2 doses                
                                           
PCV13                                          
                                           
MCV 1 or more doses                                    
                                           
HepA                                          
                                           
HepB                                          
                                           
Hib post-HSCT recipients only 1 or 3 doses                        
Pregnancy   Immuno-compromising Conditions (Except HIV)   HIV Infection CD4+ T Lymphocyte count <200 cells/ul   HIV Infection CD4+ T Lymphocyte count >_200 cells/ul   Men who Have Sex with Men   Heart Disease, Chronic Lung Disease, Chronic Alcoholism   Asplenia
  Chronic Liver Disease   Kidney Failure, End-stage Renal Disease, Receipt of hemodialysis   Diabetes   Healthcare Personnel




V. Immunizations: More Information


DTaP: Protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. Diphtheria is a bacterial disease that impacts the respiratory system and is spread via direct contact with fluid from coughs or sneezes. Tetanus, or lockjaw, is caused by bacteria found in soil. Pertussis, or whooping cough, is spread via direct contact with fluid from coughs or sneezes.

HepA: Protects against Hepatitis A, an infection of the liver, which is spread via oral contact with fecal matter. The CDC recommends, "Two doses of HepA vaccine are needed for lasting protection. The first dose of HepA vaccine should be given between 12 months and 23 months of age. The second dose should be given 6 to 18 months later. HepA vaccination may be given to any child 12 months and older to protect against HepA. Children and adolescents who did not receive the HepA vaccine and are at high risk, should be vaccinated against HepA."

Hep B: Protects against Hepatitis B, an infection of the liver, which is spread via contact with blood or bodily fluids.

Hib: Protects against Haemophilus influenza type b, which is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children under 5 years old.

HPV: Protects against human papillomavirus, a major cause of cervical cancer in women and anal cancer and genital warts in women and men. The CDC recommends, "[a]ll 11 or 12 year olds - both girls and boys - should receive 3 doses of HPV vaccine to protect against HPV-related disease." For adults, the CDC states, "There are two different kinds of HPV vaccine but only one HPV vaccine (Gardasil) can be given to men. Gay men or men who have sex with men who are 22 through 26 years old should get HPV vaccine if they haven't already completed the series."

Influenza: Protects against influenza, a viral infection of the nose, throat, and lungs. The CDC states, "[t]wo doses given at least four weeks apart are recommended for children aged 6 months through 8 years of age who are getting a flu vaccine for the first time." Additionally, the CDC states, " Everyone 6 months of age and older--including preteens and teens--should get a flu vaccine every year. Children under the age of 9 years may require more than one dose."

IPV: Protects against polio, a virus that lives in the throat and intestines, which is spread via contact with fecal matter and droplets from sneezing and coughing.

MCV4: Protects against meningococcal disease, a leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children, which is spread via droplets from the nose and throat though actions like coughing or kissing. The CDC states, MCV "is recommended at age 11 or 12. A booster shot is recommended at age 16. Teens who received MCV for the first time at age 13 through 15 years will need a one-time booster dose between the ages of 16 and 18 years. If your teenager missed getting the vaccine altogether, ask their health care provider about getting it now, especially if your teenager is about to move into a college dorm or military barracks."

MMR: Protects against measles, mumps, and rubella. Measles is one of the most contagious viral diseases; a person can contract the disease after only being the same room as an infected person. All three are also spread via coughing and sneezing. The CDC states, if "you were born in 1957 or after, you should have already gotten MMR vaccine."

PCV: Protects against pneumococcal disease, or pneumonia, an infection of the lungs, which is spread via coughing and sneezing. The CDC states, a "single dose of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV13) is recommended for children who are 6 - 18 years old with certain medical conditions that place them at high risk." PPSV23 is a variation to vaccinate adults who are 65 years old and older, and younger adults with chronic diseases.

RV: Protects against rotavirus, a virus that causes gastroenteritis (an inflammation of the stomach and intestines).

Tdap/Td: Protects against tetanus, or lockjaw, which is caused by bacteria found in soil. The CDC recommends, "If your child has not received any or all of the DtaP vaccine series, or if you don't know if your child has received these shots, your child needs a single dose of Tdap when they are 7-10 years old."

Varicella: Protects against the varicella zoster virus, or chickenpox, which is spread by coughing, sneezing, or direct skin-to-skin contact with an infected person.

Zoster: Protects against the varicella zoster virus in its dormant state in adults, which can lead to shingles.